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      In State of
      Haryana Vs. Bhajan Lal [1992 Suppl. {1} SCC 335] in
      which this court pointed out certain category of cases by
      way of illustrations wherein the inherent power under
      Section 482 of the Code can be exercised either to
      prevent abuse of the process of any court or otherwise to
      secure the ends of justice. The same are as follows :-
      (1) Where the allegations made in the first
      information report or the complaint, even if they are
      taken at their face value and accepted in their
      entirety do not prima facie constitute any offence or
      make out a case against the accused.
      (2) Where the allegations in the first information
      report and other materials, if any, accompanying the
      FIR do not disclose a cognizable offence, justifying
      an investigation by police officers under Section
      156(1) of the Code except under an order of a
      Magistrate within the purview of Section 155(2) of
      the Code.
      (3) Where the uncontroverted allegations made in
      the FIR or complaint and the evidence collected in
      support of the same do not disclose the commission
      of any offence and make out a case against the
      accused.
      (4) Where, the allegations in the FIR do not
      constitute a cognizable offence but constitute only a
      non-cognizable offence, no investigation is
      permitted by a police officer without an order of a
      Magistrate as contemplated under Section 155(2) of
      the Code.
      (5) Where the allegations made in the FIR or
      complaint are so absurd and inherently improbable
      on the basis of which no prudent person can ever
      reach a just conclusion that there is sufficient
      ground for proceeding against the accused.
      (6) Where there is an express legal bar engrafted
      in any of the provisions of the Code or the
      concerned Act (under which a criminal proceeding
      is instituted) to the institution and continuance of the
      proceedings and/or where there is a specific
      provision in the Code or the concerned Act,
      providing efficacious redress for the grievance of
      the aggrieved party.
      (7) Where a criminal proceeding is manifestly
      attended with malafide and/or where the proceeding
      is maliciously instituted with an ulterior motive for
      wreaking vengeance on the accused and with a
      view to spite him due to private and personal
      grudge.
      http://www.judis.nic.in/supremecourt/imgs.aspx
      PETITIONER:
      Pratibha

      RESPONDENT:
      Rameshwari Devi & Ors
      17/09/2007
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